Lithograph published in Boston, ca. 1839. Joseph Cinquez, the brave Congolese Chief, who prefers death to slavery, and who now lies in jail...Notes: Joseph Cinquez (AKA Cinque) was the leader of a revolt among African slaves aboard the Spanish ship Amistad en route to Cuba in June 1839. The slaves seized control of the ship but were soon recaptured and charged with murder and piracy. This portrait was done while Cinquez (or "Cinque") awaited trial in New Haven, Connecticut. John Quincy Adams represented the Africans before the Supreme Court, and thanks to his eloquence, they were set free and allowed to return to Africa. The text quotes Cinquez's speech to his comrades on board ship after the mutiny.
Image ID: 000706
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